What is Finnish baseball? Pesäpallo explained

You’ve heard of American baseball, but have you ever encountered its Finnish cousin, Pesäpallo? 

Jymy Jussit play in Finland's top Superpesis league
Jymy Jussit play in the top ‘Superpesis’ league / Santeri Viinamäki (CC)

Originating in Finland during the 1920s, Pesäpallo is a fast-paced bat-and-ball game that holds great significance in Finnish culture and is a favourite pasttime for players and fans alike. 

Although you’ll recognise elements of baseball and rounders, Pesäpallo has its own unique rules and strategies, and it has a distinctive place within Finnish culture.

Finns take great pride in their version of baseball, and it’s faire to say that pesäpallo is Finland’s national sport – even more so than football (soccer).

How did Pesäpallo get started?

In the early 20th century, a Finnish man named Lauri “Tahko” Pihkala sought to create a distinctive game that would resonate with his fellow Finns. 

Pesäpallo is Finland's national sport.
Santeri Viinamäki (CC)

Drawing inspiration from American baseball, Pihkala devised the basis of Pesäpallo, a sport that would soon capture the hearts of the nation. 

Initially known as “long ball” or pitkäpallo, the game took some time to gain traction, with the first match played in 1920. Later, it was renamed Pesäpallo. 

Over the years, Pesäpallo evolved and grew in popularity, eventually earning the status of Finland’s national sport. 

Its unique rules and strategic gameplay set it apart from other bat-and-ball games, making it a source of national pride. 

The sport’s rise to prominence has had a profound impact on Finnish culture and identity, serving as a symbol of unity and heritage. 

As spectators and players come together during Pesäpallo matches, the sense of camaraderie and shared passion further strengthens the bonds of the Finnish community.

Today, Pesäpallo stands not just as a sport, but as a cherished tradition ingrained in the very essence of Finnish life.

Understanding Pesäpallo: rules and gameplay

Now, let’s get to the fun part: learning the rules and gameplay of Pesäpallo! Pasäpello has similarities to American baseball, but it also has features that make it different from the traditional game. 

Pasäpello has similarities to American baseball, but also has very distinct differences.
Santeri Viinamäki (CC)

First and foremost, scoring is all about  “runs”. A “run” refers to a point scored when a batter successfully runs around all the bases and returns to the home plate without being tagged out by the defensive team.

On the field, nine defenders go head-to-head with the twelve-player batting team until they either make three players say “goodbye” or complete a full round of batting without at least two runs being scored. 

At the heart of the action, you’ll find the batter and the pitcher locked in a face-off at the circular plate on home base. 

What this means is that the pitcher does not throw the ball toward the batter, like in American baseball. Instead, the pitcher tosses the ball vertically in the air, at least a metre above their head, and the batter must hit it within the field of play.

Oh, and here’s another twist: although the batter gets three strikes, they don’t have to dash off if they nail the ball on the first two pitches. 

Pesäpallo is all about its unique flair and surprises that set it apart from American baseball. 

But when the pitcher does decide to run, they do so in a zig-zag-like motion, skillfully manoeuvering through the bases. This unique base-running style adds an extra layer of excitement and strategy, keeping both the runners and fielders on their toes. 

What equipment do you need to play Pesäpallo?

To get into the Pesäpallo spirit, you’ll need the following equipment.

  • A bat. In Pesäpallo, players use a rounded bat, similar to the one used in American baseball. 
  • A ball. The ball used in Pesäpallo is usually yellow, and can vary in weight and size depending on the team or series in play. 
  • Protective gear. Every field player is required to wear a helmet when in play and defenders use gloves to catch the ball. Pesäpallo gloves vary from baseball gloves in the sense that they are thicker and have different padding. 

Overall, the equipment for Pesäpallo is designed to cater to its distinctive style and ensure player safety. So, grab your bat, ball, and helmet, and you’ll be all set!

The significance of Pesäpallo in Finnish society

As we mentioned earlier, Pesäpallo holds a special place in Finnish society. It reflects the nation’s core values of unity, teamwork and community spirit. 

To play Finnish Pesäpallo, you need a bat, a ball and protective gear
Santeri Viinamäki (CC)

It’s a cherished tradition that brings people together, fostering a sense of camaraderie and national identity.

In schools across Finland, Pesäpallo plays a vital role in physical education, encouraging students to stay active and embrace teamwork from a young age. 

Beyond schools, local clubs enthusiastically engage players of all ages, further nurturing a love for the sport within the community.

At a national level, Pesäpallo leagues attract immense support from fans across the country. 

The excitement surrounding the sport during these competitions further strengthens the bonds among Finns and reinforces their shared pride in their beloved national sport.

In essence, Pesäpallo is more than just a game; it’s a symbol of Finnish unity, a reflection of their values, and a source of joy that brings people together across generations and regions.

Pesäpallo leagues and championships

In Finland, Pesäpallo boasts a well-organized league system, with the Superpesis championship taking centre stage. Superpesis is the top-tier competition that features the best teams battling it out for the prestigious title each year.

Sotkamo is a Finnish Pesäpallo team.
Seppänen (CC)

Internationally, some Finnish Pesäpallo players have gained recognition for their skills and talent, further elevating the sport’s profile. 

Notable matches, both in domestic and international tournaments, have showcased the athleticism and competitive spirit that define Pesäpallo as a thrilling sport.

How to get involved with Pesäpallo

Getting involved with Pesäpallo is easier than you might think! If you’re in Finland, there are numerous local clubs you can join and try out the excitement of this unique sport firsthand. 

These clubs may offer training sessions, leagues, and a welcoming community to help you get started and improve your skills.

For those outside Finland, fear not! The love for Pesäpallo has been spreading globally, and there might be clubs or groups in your country where you can try your hand at this fascinating sport. 

Online resources, such as instructional videos and forums, can also provide valuable insights and guidance to kickstart your Pesäpallo journey.

Whether you’re in Finland or elsewhere, the key is to reach out to local sports associations, search online platforms, and connect with fellow enthusiasts who share your passion for Pesäpallo.

Pesäpallo vs American baseball: key differences


The batter must hit the ball within the field of play, which means that hitting the ball as hard as possible is not the aim.

Base running follows a zig-zag pattern with each base being farther apart than the last.

Proudly recognized as Finland’s national sport, reflecting the country’s values of teamwork and unity.
American baseball

The batter may aim high to hit the ball hard in order to make it to one of the bases or score a home run. 

Base running follows a diamond pattern with each being the same distance apart.

Globally renowned as America’s national pastime, cherished for its rich history and traditions.

Pesäpallo’s unique characteristics, from the pitcher and batter collaborating to the thrilling zig-zag base running, set it apart from other bat-and-ball games. 

Embodying Finnish values of teamwork, unity, and community spirit, Pesäpallo fosters a sense of national identity and brings people together in a joyous celebration of sportsmanship.

So, why not join in the fun? Whether you’re in Finland or beyond, you can learn more about Pesäpallo, try to understand its captivating gameplay, and maybe even step onto the field to experience its excitement firsthand. Happy playing!

See also:
What is Finland famous for?
Finnish mythology: the complete guide
10 cool places to stay in Finland

Written By
More from Zoe Merchant
Ice climbing in Iceland: the best tours and climbing spots
Iceland is the ideal location for ice climbers seeking a combination of...
Read More
Notify of

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments